DNA can store more data than magnetic hard drives, but the technology is limited because genetic material is prone to errors. DNA can store data millions of times more efficiently than a laptop’s magnetic hard drive. This result shows that DNA can also serve as other carriers such as hard disks, magnetic tapes, etc., in addition to other functions.
Information Density and Challenges – DNA
Compared to existing filing systems, DNA data storage has significantly higher information density (how much data can be stored per unit of space) and durability (how long data can be stored without being corrupted). It’s also worth noting that DNA storage has a higher bounce rate than standard hard drive storage.
Among the challenges to the proliferation of DNA data archiving are the cost and speed of DNA reading and writing, which must be further reduced if the approach is to compete with electronic archiving.
Despite the lack of academic research on the subject, companies such as Microsoft and Intel have committed significant resources to the research and development of DNA data storage systems.
The prospect of using DNA as a data storage method has been under consideration since the 1950s. Researchers at the University of Washington and Microsoft Research have developed a fully automated system for writing, storing, and reading DNA-encoded data.
DNA is emerging as an ultra-compact form of data storage, and now researchers with support from Microsoft have created the first system that can automatically convert digital information into the genetic code and retrieve it again.
Alternatively, you can use a DNA-based data warehouse as a means of forensic discovery of inanimate objects that do not have their genetic material.
Data stored in DNA’s memory may be recovered thousands of years later. By contrast, data stored in DNA can last for thousands of years, if not very, very long.
Well, theoretically you can store one zettabyte of the data in just one gram of Deoxyribonucleic acid(DNA). This is one billion terabytes, which is automatically equivalent to the 71 million hard drives with really the largest capacity available nowadays.
Because DNA can store data much more densely than silicon, you can fit all of the world’s data into a few grams. DNA is much smaller than traditional carriers; one gram can hold 215,000 times more data than a terabyte hard drive.
Professor Kannan Ramchandran of the UC Berkeley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, along with his research assistant Reinhard Haeckel, recently investigated the data storage potential of DNA with the specific goal of determining the maximum storage rate (bits per nucleotide).
His postdoctoral fellow, Reinhard Haeckel, has been studying DNA data storage for several years and made a significant breakthrough in this area in 2015 when he was able to accurately read the information encoded in DNA.
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Conclusion of Hard drive DNA)
Parallelization with millions of strands of DNA will allow us to store much more and faster data, but we will face technical obstacles associated with increasing the number of bytes and reducing the time to write a DNA strand.
For Shrink to be practical, we need a DNA-based hard drive equivalent that will allow you to upload and download data simply and intuitively. We could get rid of hard drives and store all of the planet’s digital data in two hundred pounds of DNA.