Great Pyramid of Giza:
One of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramid of Giza is also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of chops still exists which is said to be the most ancient and largest pyramid in the Giza Pyramid complex, Egypt.
This masterpiece was built around 2600 BC ( 4th dynasty) and Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built like the tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh of the fourth dynasty Cheops, which an amazing took nearly 27 years to erect.
The pyramid is made up of precious materials including an amazing 5.5 million tons of limestone, 8,000 tons of granite, and also with 500,000 tons of mortar. The Great Pyramid is estimated to encompass 2.3 million blocks entirely/wholly.
The pyramid of Giza was one of the tallest human-made layouts in the world stood at an altitude of 146.5 meters (481 feet) for more than 3800 years. Over the years, most of the limestone faded to dust which reduced the altitude of the pyramid to 138.5 meters ( 454.4 feet). The base of the pyramid approximately measures 230.33 meters (756 feet) with a volume of 92 million cubic feet. The inclination of the pyramid equals t0’40” and is contemplated to be a part of Memphis and its Necropolis which constitutes Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur.
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The Great Pyramid is deemed to be about 4600 years old by two important approaches
- By the attribution to Khufu, through his chronological age, founded by archaeological and textual data
- Through radiocarbon dating of organic material found in the pyramid.
The pyramid of Giza is incarcerated by a complex of several buildings, including the small pyramids. One of the alluring elements that originated was the pyramid temple which stood on the east side of the pyramid has now completely disappeared.
Additional to this, the tomb of Queen Hetepheres l, sister-wife of Sneferu and mother of Khufu is located in the east of the great pyramid. Besides, there are four subsidiary pyramids, out of which three pyramids are still standing with their actual height which is known as Queen’s pyramids. Another feature is that there are three boat-shaped pits which are located east of the pyramid that is huge in shape and size.
The next striking thing is the pyramid town, flanking the Giza pyramid complex is a cyclopean stone wall, the wall of the crow which was discovered by Mark Lehner.
There are three well-known chambers inside the Great Pyramid which of the lowest was cut into a bedrock upon which the pyramid was built. The fantastic matter is the queen’s bedroom, and then the king’s bedroom is located higher up inside the pyramid structure. Both the Queen’s chamber, as well as King’s chamber, has a pair of small airshafts.
Following which there is Grand Gallery and various corridors and shafts.
Although the Great pyramid was respected throughout Egyptian history, the site fell into decline as mentioned by the author’s Bob Brier and Hoyt Hobbs, that all the pyramids were robbed when the construction of the royal tombs in the Valley of the kings began. Around 820 AD it was opened and emptied by the middle kingdom before the Arabs entered the great pyramid as stated by Joyce Tyldesley. Despite numerous invasions, the great pyramid did not shatter its elegance and is counted as one the greatest wonders in the world to the present date.