How AI can help forecast & how much Arctic sea ice will shrink

Introduction of Arctic sea

In 2020, scientists claimed that 3.74 million square kilometers of the Arctic sea at its lowest point was close to a record low. Presently, sea ice is near 5 million square kilometers of arctic waters. In 1979, the 10th lowest sea ice extent began in the satellite area. During the summer, sea ice reached a record level for this time of year.

The melting of the polar ice caps causes global warming and climate change. We have lost 13% of arctic sea ice over the past 30 years ago. The oldest and thickest ice can be a remarkable decline of 95%.

How AI can help forecast & how much Arctic sea ice will shrink

Arctic sea and their features 

The AI ​​tool is set up to allow scientists to correctly predict Arctic sea ice conditions for months to come. Sea ice is a vast layer of frozen seawater that appears at the north and south poles. It is arrantly difficult to forecast because of its difficult relationship with the atmosphere above and below the ocean.

Due to the temperature rise, the arctic sea ice area has been cut in half over the past four decades. These changes have far-reaching effects on our climate. Data scientist tom Anderson explained that the arctic region is on the frontline of climate change and essential warming over the last 40 years.

The arctic ocean is the mass of water situated around latitude 65° n. Arctic sea ice refers to the ice-covered area of ​​the arctic ocean. In September during the summer season, arctic ice reaches its small extent, and in march during the cold season, the arctic ice reaches its maximum in a year.

Impacts

  • Temperature 
  • Coastal communities 
  • Food 
  • Wildlife 
  • Shipping
  • Permafrost 
  • Human impact

In North America, the boreal forest is linked to sea ice. The polar bears are turning to food sources because the arctic ice melts and freezes each year they have less time to hunt their prey of seal pups, and spend more time on land and hunting other animals.

Conclusion 

Each year the arctic sea goes through a seasonal cycle. Increasing the temperature caused area and thickness to shrink back again in winter. Based on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 arctic ocean ice-free area to drop down below 1 million sq. Km.

Through these AI we also introduce to the client a new sea ice prediction system based on deep learning. Ice net directly predicts probabilities of sea ice occurring, expressing the level of confidence in its prediction

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.