Nanotechnology, also known as nanotech, is the study and application of extremely small things in various fields of sciences. It is a new branch of science and technology and is used in various fields of sciences and is believed that it will be a game-changer in many fields of sciences in the coming days.
Uses of Nanotechnology with DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid or DNA is a living component. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) contains more hereditary data and DNA guidelines for more protein amalgamation which is vital for each living thing. It is found in most cells of living organisms and plays a key part in reproduction.
During reproduction, heredity occurs through the passing down of DNA from parents to offspring. The building of DNA is a double-helix polymer, it is consisting of two DNA pieces or strands wound around each other and has a spiral shape. Deoxyribonucleic acid is organized into dense protein-DNA complexes called chromosomes within a cell.
Nanotechnology is incorporated into the design and manufacture of artificial nucleic acid structures for technological uses. Nucleic acids are biopolymers, and huge particles and are fundamental for all known types of life. nucleic acids are transporters and are the fundamental data conveying atoms of the cell and are a central point in protein blend.
As non-biological engineering materials, nucleic acids are used for nanotechnology rather than as the carriers of genetic information in a living organism. DNA nanotechnology is used using nucleic acids in which spontaneous organization of molecular components into stable structures is done.
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The component materials are pieces of artificial materials and are almost always used outside the body of a living cell. DNA is well-fitted to the nanoscale building since restricting between two nucleic corrosive strands relies upon straightforward base matching standards which are surely known.
DNA nanotechnology has seen application in various fields and continues to do so in fields particularly in structural biology, biophysics, X-ray crystallography, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of proteins to determine the structure. Scientists and biophysicists are trying their best to move toward potential real-world applications in this field.
Nucleic acid’s ability to arrange other molecules indicates its potential use in molecular-scale electronics. It could be used to guide the assembly of molecular elements such as molecular wires.
DNA nanotechnology has great potential uses in nano-medicine. Its ability to perform computation in a biocompatible format to make ‘smart drugs’ for targeted drug delivery can be of great use.
Uses of DNA nanotechnology in nano-medicine also focus on copying the structure or resembling the function of naturally occurring membrane proteins with designed DNA nanostructures. Another use is the application of DNA origami rods to replace the liquid crystal in residual dipolar coupling in protein NMR spectroscopy. DNA materials have been used as nanoscale structural lines to move nano-particles and direct chemical synthesis.
In the past decades, DNA nanotechnology has been used in various scientific directions for various biological applications, including tissue regeneration, disease prevention, inflammation inhibition, bio-imaging, bio-sensing, diagnostics of drug delivery, and therapeutics.
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