Introduction of Diabetes
Diabetes is also known as diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease and occurs when the blood sugar level or blood glucose level is higher than normal.
The glucose in our blood is the main source of our energy and comes from the food we eat. Insulin is a hormone created by the organ pancreas, glucose reaches every cell of the body through blood vessels with the help of insulin. When insulin production is not done by the pancreas or it produces little insulin, the glucose stays in our blood and its quantity rises. Too much glucose in our blood is the main cause of diabetes and many other health problems.
Some interesting informational data about the diabetes
- 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, especially in low-middle-income countries.
- In 2014, about 8.5% of adults had diabetes.
- 1.5 million people lost their life due to diabetes in 2019
- 48% of deaths due to diabetes were due to diabetes occurring before the age of 70.
What are the Symptoms of diabetes
- Excessive feeling of thirst and frequent urination
- Excessive tiredness or fatigue
- Blurred or loss of vision
- Numbness in the feet or hands
- Wounds or cuts that do not heal or heal slowly
- Sudden weight loss
What are the Causes of diabetes
- No insulin production by the pancreas
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Overweight or obesity
- Less physical activity
- Unhealthy diet
Types of diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
Let’s see the Myths of diabetes
- One of the biggest myths about diabetes is a person with diabetes cannot eat sugar and they must eat a sugar-free diet.
- Type 2 diabetes is a milder condition than type 1 diabetes.
- Only obese people are affected by type 2 diabetes.
- People with diabetes go blind and lose their legs.
- People with diabetes can not play sports or do jobs that require physical abilities.
Let’s see the facts of diabetes
- A Diabetic person needs to eat a balanced diet and do regular exercise and they can eat sugar in a moderate quantity.
- This misinformation is widely repeated but it isn’t true. Every type of diabetes is chronic. Type 2 diabetes when managed poorly * can lead to serious illnesses.
- Type 2 diabetes is often related to people with obesity or being overweight, it is a big misconception. People can be overweight or underweight they can still have diabetes
- It’s true that diabetes indeed is a major cause of blindness and amputations but it is also true that if managed properly, a diabetic person can avoid blindness and amputations. Managing blood pressure, and blood glucose levels, eating a balanced diet, and regular exercise can help. Blindness and amputations can be avoided if a person with diabetes follows proper medication and doctors’ advice.
- People with diabetes should take part in regular exercise and play sports of their choice. They can do any type of job if their condition is managed properly.